Math Fractions Activities for Children in 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th and 7th Grades, Games, Quizzes, Worksheets Just another WordPress site Sat, 24 Jun 2017 10:55:27 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Teaching Strategies For Kids With Adhd Thu, 15 Jun 2017 07:45:54 +0000 As a teacher the chances are you can already point out the children that are going to be diagnosed with adhd at some point in the future, if they haven’t already. The children in your class that you just can’t get to stay seated if you paid them and lose attention extremely quickly, so quickly in fact that it’s difficult to get them to retain information. You’re aware that it’s not just a phase as it’s been going on for months while other students of the same age have learned the routine of the class environment and have settled down but it can still be frustrating when you have a class of around 30 but seem to spend the majority of time trying to engage the student or two showing adhd symptoms.


Just like most children those with adhd love praise, in fact they pride themselves on it. By partnering up in a positive way with the student and working together to find a way to complete tasks you will have an easier time than demanding from them. Using a sticker chart or points reward system is a good motivation to keep them on track with gentle reminders.

Dealing with negative behaviour

Of course you can’t reward bad behaviour, but the shouting over others to point out what they are doing wrong is not something that will work with an adhd child. Instead you should both have a warning signal which allows you to let the adhd child know their behaviour is not appropriate. This could be a specific hand signal or even a note if they are old enough to read. Try to ignore behaviour that’s not overly disruptive where possible especially if it is not intentionally to disrupt others. If you do have to speak to them further take them from the classroom so you can speak privately.


Minimise distractions for adhd students by keeping them from the windows and doors. Use rows so that the main focus is on you, not what is going on around them.

Task giving

When giving them a task only instruct one thing at a time. The reason for this is that the child is unlikely to retain long instructions. The best time of day for the most difficult tasks are when they arrive before their interest wanes. Teach them to make notes to look back on should they need them.

Separate seating

Have and area in the class the child can sit if they are feeling overwhelmed. Somewhere quiet away from distractions and stimulation. If you have upcoming tests allow the child to take the test in a way they can use a method that works best for them such as short quizzes or verbally. If work is not fully completed don’t disband it but give a part credit so they don’t feel like their hard work was in vain.

Eye contact

When giving instructions to a child with adhd keep eye contact to ensure they are taking it in and they are sure you are speaking to them. Address them by name to get their attention and make it clear what materials are needed for each task. For younger children you could use diagrams or colour coding.

Strategies For Teaching Students With Disabilities In Inclusive Classrooms Thu, 15 Jun 2017 07:45:10 +0000 Nowadays children that have special needs are integrated into a classroom environment with other mainstream schools more often than was the case in the past. This of course is a step in the right direction for integration, however for many mainstream teachers they just don’t have the background knowledge and education to cope with stressful situations that could ensue as a result. By providing additional resources children with special needs can flourish in a mainstream environment and there are strategies to make it easier.

Learn about the students special notes

When a child is deemed to have difficulties they will have a learning plan in place and often a member of staff who oversees the education of such students. It’s important that as a teacher you get to know the education plan which will give you the details of what the student is currently/or needs to be receiving in order to move forward. It will also give you an idea of anything you can do as a teacher to make their learning environment and integration easier for them.

Seating is one of the most common alterations made for special needs students which could be a the front, back or somewhere else depending on the child. Just seating them with different people can help to improve their retention and ability to learn and flourish. For those with attention problems it’s best to sit away from distractions such as a the ‘class clowns’, doors and windows.

Keep copies of work to show special educator

Although you won’t have to submit all work you should keep a folder of some so that you can show it to the special education teacher so they can see what areas the child needs help at the next meeting and what strategies are working to help them improve.

Multiple assessment tools

Now more than ever, specialists as well as teachers are realising that standard tests do not suit all students which can mean that a child that seems to be struggling could benefit from say submitting their tests orally rather than on paper or using a device such as an ipad or computer.

Supporting life skills

Children with special needs can lack the ability to do things that others take for granted such as tying shoelaces, holding a pencil correctly for neater handwriting or even just knowing how to behave in a class environment. As well as the curriculum it’s important to also concentrate on life skills including social skills so that they can flourish. For older children you may need to reinforce each lesson that they must take notes to refer to later that day or how and where to write information on their work such as their name and date.

Collaborative Planning and Teaching

Allow parents and specialists involved with the students education in any way to enter the classroom so that you can work together. Other people, especially the parents may have coping mechanisms that you would otherwise be unaware of as may the specialists. Just speaking to them could help improve the classroom environment for both special needs students and mainstream.

Have a management plan in place

To have an inclusive classroom you will need to find a way to manage behaviour to keep control of all students. This means that you should have clear goals and expectations in place for all. Have a classroom environment that suits a diverse range of students rather than the majority so all can do well in a comfortable environment they actually want to learn in.

Having a successful inclusive classroom depends upon having control of your classroom. It is essential to have clearly communicated expectations and goals, that are accessible to all students. Your classroom environment should be tailored to better suit diverse students’ needs. With students’ and specialists’ input, create a checklist or action plan for students.

How To Get Your Kindergartner To Do Homework Thu, 15 Jun 2017 07:43:48 +0000 When a teacher sets homework it is usually to help children remember and understand what they learned at school that day .When your child first starts school many parents fear their child bringing home homework.

However if you work closely with your child it will help them set up study /homework habits that will not only assist with schoolwork but in fact teach them valuable life lessons .It can help your kindergartner to learn what it is like to work independently ,responsibly and the begin time management.

How much time should be spent on homework.

The National Education Association suggests that between 10 and 20 minutes per night should be devoted to homework in the 1 st grade .An additional 10 minutes per grade should be added on per grade level after that .

Successful Homework Habits to develop.

Set an area aside .

Find a quiet area where they can settle to do their homework .It should be free of clutter and preferably it should be available everyday .The television should be off.It is also important that your child has all the materials they may need close to them to prevent the distraction of searching to find pens ,paper,crayons etc .

Get into a routine after school .

Homework for young children in the junior grades should always be done fairly soon after they get home from school and information is fresh in their minds .

It is advisable to give your child a light lunch or little snack and chat to them about their day at school . After this set aside time for homework .Any extra curricular activities should be arranged for later in the day after homework .

If your child is just starting out on their school life, it is important that as a parent ,you establish rules regarding homework from the beginning.They must learn that whilst the extra activities are beneficial, homework is more important .

In particular small children will be tired after extra activities and they should not have to rush through homework just before bedtime .

It your child's homework not the parents!

Parents should be involved with their child's homework.Especially when the child is very young it is important to be near by and monitor your child.However do not do their homework for them !As a parent be on hand to guide and help when your child becomes frustrated but let them feel pride in their work.

Be Positive about Homework .

When your child starts bringing homework home for the first time don’t forget to tell them how proud you are of them and how grownup they must be.If you as a parent discuss homework as chore, then your child will also.Encourage them to show you their work and praise them on completion .

Put in place a daily incentive

These can be useful to encourage your child to settle and complete homework . A small daily incentive like “When you complete your homework you may watch half an hour of television “ is a good example . It will give your child something to look forward to when they are finished .

A small amount of homework can be a valuable life lesson for Kindergartner children .

Benefits Of Outdoor Learning In Primary Schools Thu, 15 Jun 2017 07:41:21 +0000 When the majority of parents were young they had a lot less restriction placed on where they went and how they played, however nowadays with safety being paramount and computers being a common plaything children are experiencing less and less time outdoors. This is something that they need to help them to develop but with most parents both now working full time as well as bringing up children trips to the park and out to visit become less and less as the weekends become a time for unwinding while the children entertain themselves with tech inside of the house.

It has been proven that taking children outside of the classroom to learn whether on the school grounds outside of the building or on a school trip can help to reduce their stress levels. In reducing stress by letting them run around this can help them to recalibrate and be more likely to concentrate in the classroom.

To show how different the lives of children are to our own childhoods and spending outdoors the average schoolchild’s time spent outside was compared to that of a prisoner and the findings were shocking. They showed that only a quarter of all children of school age spend more time outdoors than prison inmates.

As well as not being able to spend time with nature and increase fitness, being restricted in the time they spend outside can also cause low vitamin D levels essential for development and increase stress levels. This could be one of the reasons for the recent spike in depression and mental illness. By spending time outside more often children are able to be more creative and solve problems in a different environment where they are more likely to absorb information. As a result of the studies many schools are now including ‘forest schools’ where children have an area of land on the school where classes take it in turns to go bug hunting, build fires and get closer to their classmates.

In addition to helping children in many areas, those with special needs such as ADHD can benefit from being outside as they are given learning tools that they can work with. Being outdoors doesn’t have to mean a multitude of school trips that parents and the state may be unable to afford. You can ensure that children are getting more time outside by arranging trips to local churches, parks, forests and other non-expensive activities. Some schools even take the children on walks around their local area to give them a better understanding of where they live pointing out things they are unlikely to have noticed while rushing past in their parent’s car on the way to and from school.

With times having changed and children spending less time doing outdoor activities it’s important that the integration of outdoor education is commonplace in all learning institutions. It’s an inexpensive way to increase morale and can even help to improve the way children learn back in the classroom. Times may have changed, but there are ways to ensure that children do not lose sight of real nature in favour of screens and stuffy classrooms for both the positive development of body and mind.

How Do You Differentiate Between A Normally Active Child And A Child Who Has Adhd? Thu, 15 Jun 2017 07:39:53 +0000 When you are looking into whether or not your own child or student has adhd or is energetic it can be difficult to differentiate between the two without knowing the fine line between them. Every child on earth will have at least one symptom that could point towards them having adhd, however to be diagnosed there are at least 6 symptoms that they must meet on a list to be considered and the behaviour must have been continual for a minimum of 6 months. The symptoms on their own will stand out over other children of the same age and the behaviour they display must be shown to make life difficult in at least 2 settings including home, school and/or work.

If you don’t meet the severity of having struggled in two different settings, the problem hasn’t continued for 6 months or does not affect everyday life then the chances are it is not adhd, so do take care in medicating a child that doesn’t fit the criteria as this can be not only unhealthy but dangerous.

Unlike things like bad behaviour through disruption at home or school is not a cause for adhd and having too much or little sugar or sweetener is not a cause. TV and video games you will be pleased to know are also not a cause. Children with adhd are born that way so there’s nothing you can do to prevent it however there are things you can do to make life easier for them.

Gifted and bored vs adhd

Children with adhd can be just as bright if not brighter than their peers they just struggle to get down what they have in their head on paper. A child that is bored in school due to not being challenged may appear to show adhd symptoms but in fact just need more challenge. These children are likely to show the following behaviours:

  • Lack of attention and daydreaming when nothing to do
  • Moody when asked to do persistent tasks that don’t challenge them
  • Needs less sleep/rest than others
  • Disruptive in class
  • Appearance of carelessness in their work
  • Problem behaviour only present in some situations or settings

An ADHD child will have:

  • Lack of attention
  • Lack of desire to continue with tasks that don’t give immediate reward
  • Moves from task to task even if one or both are never completed
  • Struggles to follow commands
  • A lot more active and restless than their peers
  • Excessive talking and interrupting when inappropriate despite being told
  • Struggles to stick to rules
  • Loses their items that are needed for home or school activities whether it’s stationary, pe kit or something else.
  • Doesn’t seem to pay attention to detail
  • Extremely sensitive to others criticising them even if they know they haven’t tried their best

Behaviour that affects every single setting they are in regardless of the task in hand but in some settings you may find that the behaviour is worse than in others.

Creative Development Activities For Pre-Schoolers Thu, 15 Jun 2017 07:38:18 +0000 More parents than ever are realizing that education starts before their child starts school and can be reinforced by certain activities you can do at home. Most of the activities don’t need any more tools than you already have lying around your home and you could help to develop their creative flair through play as you watch them develop their own style ready for big school . Before school you are your child’s main teacher, nurse, provider and everything in-between so they feel comfortable with you and want to spend time with you. Teaching your children creative development activities and guiding them is a great way to bond and prepare them for school through creative play. Here are some ideas for you to try with your pre-schooler.

Developing skill and understanding

So far in life your child would have learned to take the lead on most things like when they’re hungry or thirsty to ask you to get things as they need them. There are however other things that you will have had to take control of such as when they need to go to bed, shower etc and getting them prepared for school is no different. There will be some things they can take control of and others that have structure.

It’s always nice to follow the lead of your child by letting them be more involved and even guiding what you do but you should also incorporate the idea that one way does not always mean the only way. Examples include drawing a person where you can draw in different ways but still achieve the same result. Be sure to let your child know that they don’t have to conform or copy others, just to be themselves with their creative flair.

To stimulate their imagination and confidence to do things differently ensure they have lots of books, songs on CD’s or iPad, playdough, blocks and other similar toys and props that can be used in different ways. Having a lot of materials can help develop their touch too. Most importantly teach your child to complete what they are doing by encouraging them. When they are done be sure to offer praise no matter what they come up with. It’s about creativity so there are no right or wrong answers.

Use what you have

You don’t have to have a lot of money to buy new things for them to play with. A pan and wooden spoon serve as a great drum and you can make your own salt dough for sensory and artistic play. An empty box could be a shop, a car, a house or anything that you’re child wishes. Teach them to be resourceful by using household items and get them to personalise their creation by painting or drawing on it.

Dressing up

Although we want to encourage our children to be their own person it’s also good to provide them with props for role play. They can be a police man, a teacher, a nurse or anything their imagination thinks up. You don’t have to purchase pre made outfits unless you want to. You can make your own and provide your child with clothes from charity stores costing just a little.

Things to watch out for when home schooling your kid Thu, 15 Jun 2017 07:08:05 +0000 Home schooling is not always easy on the parent and the child .Statistics show that it is estimated that a total of just over one and half million children were home schooled during 2015 with this figure growing by an estimated 2.71 % each year.( a2z Home

Parents in particular that take on the responsibility of home schooling must be aware and plan for different circumstance that may arise . The points below are listed by parents who have home schooled their children over a few years.

Understand there will be failures

Children can be haunted throughout their whole school career by a sense of failure . They often learn this by watching their parents.Therefore if the child and the parent fail sometimes then be open about it . Expect it occasionally and teach your child that you can learn from this and be better next time .

Children pay attention to what their Parent Teachers do not what they say.

Children that are taught from home can have a unique perspective on how to tackle and deal with projects . They learn in an everyday environment that it is possible to deal with failure and succeed in the end . Make sure that this example carries through to their school work .

Encourage Self Reliance .

Be very watchful of turning into an overbearing parent . Allow your child to become more self reliant .Don’t allow your child to pass up on submitting an assignment .If they cannot do it they must be able to explain to you why not . It is often easy for a parent who home schools their child to make excuses for the child as to why they have not been able to complete the work .

Allow the child to try and find the time to complete their work within your home life schedule .

Combining the roles.

The parents of home schooled  children are also teachers and principals all rolled into one . Sometimes it is easy to forget that firstly you are a parent. Make time to laugh and play together ,go shopping or watch a movie . Do this without asking about the homework you set them.

Important to allow your child to choose .

21st Century education is accepting of the fact that there is not a right or wrong way to learn . Allow your child to figure out what works for them.Their unique learning style may be much better than the one which you were taught and that which you are trying to pass onto your child.In a way this also allows your child to gain self confidence and control her education process more . They will benefit when they are off to college later and have to be able to learn without parents watching over them.

Worry about the final results not how they get there.

Build in mental health days.

This idea allows the child to have three mental health days a year . They can decide when they want them .On these days there should be no school and parents should stay out of the way .

It is amazing how children respond to this ..weighing up the pros and cons of when they should cash in their free day .

Homeschooling can be a challenge but with careful management and care it can be a positive lasting experience .

Strategies for dealing with challenging behavior in the classroom Thu, 15 Jun 2017 07:06:08 +0000 Every class has those children who will habitually disrupt a classroom .There are many types of challenging behavior .It is important that teachers are able to identify and learn to deal with this challenging behavior.

What is Challenging Behavior

It is really any form of behavior that causes concern to the teacher.The most common examples are :

  • Arriving Late for Lessons
  • Not listening to teacher
  • Talking excessively and being noisy
  • Not settling down to work
  • Being out of seats for no reason
  • Preventing other classmates from being able to work .

There are students who may need referral for challenging behavior that require special attention and intervention by the teacher and school.IE ADHD,Autism etc  .In this article prominence is given to challenging behavior that may be rectified by the teacher in the classroom with out outside referral.

Below are some classroom management tips on how to deal with those challenging students.

Involve Parents

Make sure that parents are kept in the loop if their child is getting into trouble.Try to foster a bond with the parents which will help determine an effective strategy .

Keep the student close

If at all possible keep the student close to you.Keep them at a desk at the front of the classroom .This usually helps to limit negative behavior.

Keep to the same routine

The same steps should be used each time when trying to get the student to behave.It should be clear that this type of disruptive behavior will ALWAYS result in a particular consequence.

Ignore Poor Behavior

The student is seeking attention by challenging behavior in the classroom situation . Sometimes by just holding back and ignoring the behavior, the students settle down again .Discuss with a class the consequences of disruptive behavior by one student and encourage the other classmates to ignore the challenging student .Often this settles things very quickly.


Sometimes when the students behavior continues, even after several reminders , it is best that the student be removed from the situation.Teachers should create an area in the classroom where students can go and sit quietly.When they calm down they can return to the class participation .When this does not work ( often with older students) then the students may need to leave the classroom and sit in a desk perhaps in the hallway for a short period of time .The student should however be given simple tasks to keep them occupied .

This gives both the teacher and the student a time out to allow feelings to settle .

Choosing when to Discipline .

If a teacher calls out a student in front of their friends and peers then it is very difficult to win .If at all possible wait till later and talk to the student one on one .Empathize with the student and try to discover what is really going on .Praise when ever possible .

Communicate non verbally

Develop ways that you can watch and give children, who are often challenging ,attention .( Which is what most are seeking ) Smile ,raise an eyebrow ,look directly at the student and give them a thumbs up or down .

Challenging classroom behavior is one of the hardest problems a teacher may deal with as it can impact on the class as a whole . Spend time trying differing techniques to limit this problem .

Why Home Schooling is a bad idea Thu, 15 Jun 2017 07:02:58 +0000 More and more parents seem to be deciding that homeschooling is the answer to all their problems. This is for both the child and the parent .Whilst home schooling can be a rewarding experience it is not as easy as parents think. In fact there are many disadvantages to home schooling .

Teacher is trained 

One of the most important factors is that a teacher has had extensive training on how to teach your child over a number of years .Teachers training includes psychology,best types of teaching practices and child growth .Teachers that are employed in the school system are required to be certified and their educational knowledge will be far more extensive than most parents .

It is very important that your child learns the ability to socialize.They must be able to interact with both their peers and other children .In order to do this a child must be exposed to other situations that occur outside the home .The classroom and playground allow controlled situations for your child to develop and learn.

A child must be able to form bonds with children their own age. Whilst of course efforts can be made to ensure children to mix with other home schooled children it is often difficult to arrange .This lack of socialization may effect children in later life .

Time Commitment.

Parents who home school their children need to set aside a lot of time to plan lessons ,teach give tests ,arrange field trips etc .It is a full time commitment to make sure your child is receiving a rounded education .This is of course even more difficult for single parents .


Home schooling can be costly . In public schools education is free.Some parents do choose to use a paid home school program .In addition there is no special discounts for outings and visits to educational establishments that schools often receive .

Text books and teaching tools can work out expensive .

Often one parent chooses to stay home to be the teacher . This means a sacrifice when one parent is unemployed .

Minimum Facilities

Traditional schools provide materials and specialized teachers .Most high schools have a well equipped laboratory for physics and chemistry which is difficult t duplicate in a home environment .A traditional  school also provide facilities for sports like gyms ,fields and swimming pools .

Special needs Subjects

Schools usually have teachers on staff who are specialized in remedial subjects and dealing with children with special needs.I.e Autism or ADHD .

In addition particularly in the higher grades teachers are subject related experts.Apart from the normal basic subjects, teachers are available specialized in music ,Art ,Physical Education and Theater .It is very hard for a parent to be an expert on all of these subjects .

Ability to be Parents and Educators

Being an home teacher requires you to interact with your child almost 24/7 . It is often difficult to know where to draw the line when teaching of a subject should stop and when being a parent should begin. It requires endless patience and a lot of motivation to home school a child .

Whilst home schooling can work well in the family environment it is important that Parents remain Parents and consider the above points before making that final decision .

Why Tablets should not replace text books in schools Thu, 15 Jun 2017 07:00:52 +0000 In today's digital age and with every child ( sometimes even in Pre K !) having access to a mobile phone or tablet ,it is worth considering whether tablets should be introduced into schools to replace text books .

Tempting as it may be for schools to move into this modern age there are many points which need to be considered first before deciding on whether to introduce tablets in order to replace textbooks .

Consider the Expense

There is considerable expenses in introducing tablets to a school .This may make it beyond the reach of some schools who deal with tight budgets and lack of any sponsorship.

  • If students are to each given a tablet ,then there will need to be a High Quality Wi-Fi Server  installed at the school .This can work out initially to be expensive .
  • Schools will be required to purchase the hardware ( The Tablet).Even if the school is small this will involve considerable expense.
  • Schools will have to buy in various software packages ( Textbooks and programs).
  • All teachers and administrators will have to attend training programs to use the tablet and relevant software.The teachers must be fully versed in using the tablets so they can also teach their students.
  • Statistics have shown that the cost of e text books supplied to an I pad is 552 % higher than providing a new textbook.
  • Estimates have been given that the annual cost ,per student per class, with tablets would be $71.55 as opposed to $14.26 for text books .( Lee Wilson ,Economy & Education ,K12 Publishing)
  • Budget needs to be put aside to repair tablets by a skilled technician when there is a fault .In addition Tablet batteries last normally a maximum of two years .These are expensive to replace particularly if a school has to replace a few hundred at a time .Tablets are prone to theft as they can be utilized in daily life for many tasks .Additional Insurance would probably have to be taken out by the school .
  • The average battery life of a tablet is 7 hours . This means that chargers would have to be provided for students to use after the school day in order to complete their homework .The end result is more expensive outlay.

Students are slower when reading digital text

Studies have shown that people tend to read digital text between 20 to 30 per cent slower than textbooks . This obviously impacts on the amount of time available to get work completed .Students who read print from textbooks comprehend and retain the information better than reading off a tablet .

Health problems may arise for students and teachers

  • The American Optometric Association states that hand held devices can cause Computer Vision Syndrome resulting in eyestrain ,blurry vision and even migraines.
  • Studies have shown that mobile device users have a higher risk of developing carpal tunnel ,neck pain and fibromyalgia .

Digital Divide between schools

Not all schools can afford to buy and develop a program for students to use tablets instead of textbooks . This will lead to a further divide between rich and poor school districts. Remember that many rural areas do still not have access to an effective broad band .

Textbooks do not get infected virus

Printed textbooks are not subject to down-loadable viruses which result in the whole Tablet freezing and no work getting done .It may seem old fashioned but the reality is that a textbook is more reliable .

Students are distracted when utilizing Tablets

In the classroom students will often pay more attention to their apps, e mails and games than to their e textbooks .Four fifths of students under 18 multitask whilst using digital media and this will result in insufficient attention being given to e learning text .The temptation to use the tablet in class or home for personal use other than lessons is undeniable.

Textbooks not available

At present many text books that are  in use  at schools are not available in a digital format .This software facility is growing but at present has long way to go to match the availability of text books .

Considering the above points discussed it seems that most schools are not ready to do away with textbooks just yet .